Nano-Coating: 21st Century Surface Protection Your Industry Needs

Highly reliable, effective and sustainable answers for just about any industry where Surface Protection really matters. Independent advise on Industrial Nanocoating Products and professional application. India wide.

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Nano-Coating Advise. Procurement. Application. India-wide.

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Lotus Nano (official logo)

Pune (India) based Lotus Nano provides long-term surface protection services through the application of nanotechnology. German and Indian experts founded and run the company. As a service provider, we are available throughout India - as well as wherever our clients require us to be.

Our company will improve your organisation's eco-friendliness, efficiency, and profitability. Feel free to ask us any questions regarding Nano Surface Protection and how it can benefit your company.

We take the time to listen and understand. We advise our clients on what 21st Century Nanotech is exactly, how and why it works and how it can solve your specific industrial or production related challenges.

Get in touch   Insights Hub

Surfaces we Nano-Protect

9 most-in-demand Industrial Nano-Coatings we apply professionally. India-wide.

1
Nano Anti-Corrosion, Anti-Rusting Industrial Surface Coating India

Nano Anti-Corrosion

Nano Anti-Corrosion: Unlock the true potential of your assets with long-lasting nano anti-rust/corrosion protection, which provides superior protection not only on metals but also on alloys and more.



Suggested further reading:
Nano Anti-Corrosion for Newbies

Along with great self-cleaning properties and exceptional corrosion protection Nano Anti-Corrosion surface coating products are high in demand in a number of industries.

Offers many year of reliable resistance to moisture, UV, acid rain, oxidation, ice, salt water, chemicals. -50°C to +1000°C.

Particularly suitable for smooth, non-absorbent metal surfaces, such as aluminium, zinc, steel, copper and most alloys (e.g. brass and bronze).

Can be applied to one or two component paints, polyester paints and GRP surfaces.

WHAT IS IT?

Damages caused by corrosion have massive global economic effects like repair and maintenance costs, loss of materials, damage to equipment, decrease in efficiency, and loss of useful or productive life. In addition to economic effects, there are also social effects of corrosion including safety impacts (fire, explosions, the release of toxic chemicals), health impacts (personal injuries, pollution due to contamination of toxics), the depletion of resources, etc.

For over 200 years different coating materials such as varnishes and paints have been used as anti-corrosive layers. Slowly, but not surprisingly, Nanotech is taking over.

A ready-to-use nano-materials-diluted coating substance is used to protects non-absorbent surfaces against rust, dirt, weather and corrosion.

Forms a long-lasting protective barrier layer that bonds physically with the substrate and cures at room temperature with atmospheric humidity.

Surfaces can be cleaned repeatedly without losing efficacy. Remains effective for as long as 5 years.

Certain products boost a cocktail of nanoparticles which can provide in addition to corrosion-protection even self-cleaning, self-healing, and corrosion sensing properties.

ESSENTIALLY

A good Anti-Rust / Corrosion product is particularly suitable for smooth, non-absorbent metal surfaces, such as aluminium, zinc, steel, copper and several alloys (e.g. brass and bronze). It can also be applied to one or two component paints (polyurethane or epoxy systems), polyester paints and GRP surfaces.

The unique properties of nano-materials provide better corrosion resistance with much thinner coatings. The most commonly utilised anti-corrosive nano-coatings are grouped into three categories; metallic nano-coatings, ceramic nano-coatings, and nano-composite coatings. We are here for you to help you choose the right product for your specific situation.

APPLICATIONS

Nano products which protect substrates from corrosion efficiently are professionally coated on a substrate at client premises either during the production or at any later stage of the product lifecycle. Application method will depend on your specific requirements. The application should not never be performed by untrained personnel.

  • All metals and alloys incl. Aluminium, Steel, Copper, Brass and Tin
  • Tank equipment and industrial plants
  • Maritime / Shipping
  • Shipping Containers
  • Mining Equipment
  • Firearm barrels
  • Traffic signals, signs
  • Ventilating systems
  • Metal bollards, cabinets and outdoor furniture.
  • Oil & Gas piping and equipment
  • Thousands of more possibilities!

PROPERTIES

  • Exceptional corrosion protection
  • Long-lasting clear coating
  • Produces “Easy-to-Clean” surfaces
  • Excellent adhesion to most substrates
  • High resistance to moisture, UV, acid rain, oxidation, ice, salt water, chemicals
  • Economical & ecological
  • Cures at room temperature
  • Fluorine-free
  • Temperature range: -50°C to over 950°C
2
Nano Stone, brick, marble, granite protective coating India

Nano Stone & Brick

Nano Stone & Brick: Preserve the natural beauty of stone and brick surfaces with advanced nano-coating technology, providing long-lasting protection against weathering and stains.



Suggested further reading:
Hydrophobicity for Newbies

Up-to 7 years of strong hydrophobicity where nothing sticks and water pearls off like the "Lotus effect"



Breathability of protected surface remains. Suitable for use with all concrete, natural stone and mineral surfaces including dense stone surfaces such as polished granites, marbles, etc.

Internal and external use. Stones, bricks, marble, granite, etc. Easily remove chewing tobacco stains, dirt, dust, droppings, spills, pollens, etc. Strong non-stick properties. Excellent self/easy-clean effect.

Environmentally friendly, non-toxic, VOC free. Will not harm people, plants or pets. Great Antimicrobial properties preventing buildup of Algae, Fungi, Yeasts etc.

WHAT IS IT?

A Nano Stone & Brick surface application is a high-performance, nanotech penetrating sealer for the protection of porous mineral surfaces of natural stone (marble granite, limestone, sand stone travertine etc), brick, concrete and cementitious materials.

100% natural, non-toxic and eco-friendly. Non-film forming, completely invisible. Does not alter the appearance of the coated surface.

Usually water based it creates long life protection of up to 7 years depending on environmental factors.

ESSENTIALLY

Stone & Brick nano-coatings are effective on both indoor and outdoor surfaces. Liquids pearl off the protected surface shielding against stains from pollution, accidental spills, dirt, dust and water. With liquids unable to permeate into the surface most contaminants are simply picked up by water /damp cloth (rain or manual spraying) and roll off the surface.

Exhibits antimicrobial benefits inhibiting largely the growth of algae, moss, scale, fungi, etc.

We only recommend products which are ISO 11507 certified and are of industrial grade, suitable for both residential and commercial use.

APPLICATIONS

One coating is usually sufficient. The coating process is swift but should not never be performed by untrained personnel.

  • Brick and Stone Walls
  • Outdoor Patios & Entertaining Areas
  • Marble / Granite Features, Bench-tops, Flooring
  • Landscaping, Driveways, Paving Stones, Roof tiles
  • Under / Overpass Walkways, Train/Bus/Metro Stations
  • Swimming Pool Surrounds
  • Monuments and Sculptures
  • Outdoor Stone Furniture
  • Building and House Facades

PROPERTIES

  • Strong hydrophobicity (water pearls off)
  • Breathability of protected surface remains
  • Suitable for use with all brick and concrete surfaces including dense stone surfaces such as polished granites, marbles, etc.
  • Internal and external use
  • Easily remove chewing tobacco stains, etc
  • Strong non-stick properties (no dirt build-up)
  • Excellent self/easy-clean effect
  • Invisible (coating thickness: 50 - 100 nm).
  • UV-stable, very resistant to abrasion
  • Environmentally friendly, non-toxic, VOC free.
  • Will not harm people, plants or pets.
  • No fading or peeling off
  • Prevents stains and water damage.
3
Nano Solar/Photovoltaic easy / self clean protective coating India

Nano Solar / PV

Nano Solar / PV: Keep your solar panels performing at their best for longer with cutting-edge nano-coating solutions, designed to resist dirt, dust and other environmental factors. A sustainability hit.



Suggested further reading:
Nano Solar / PV Case Study
Hydrophobicity for Newbies

High quality Nano Solar / PV nano surface coatings are among the most demanded currently in India.

Lasts for up to 5 years. Ensures maximum light transmittance. 100% transparent. Longer optimum panel performance means less fossil fuels burned, less CO2 emissions.

Strong hydrophobicity (lotus effect). Strongly oleophobic (nothing sticks). Up to 50% less water consumption for module cleaning. Minimum settlement of dust, grime, pollen, droppings, fouling etc. Suitable for older and new panels.

Also effective in extreme climates (hot, cold, humid, salty, sandy, rainy, etc). Protects against surface degradation.

WHAT IS IT?

Once a Solar/PV Panel is professionally nano-coated with a layer of 50-100 nm its surface instantly exhibits strong and long-lasting self / easy cleaning properties.

The coating's self-cleaning effect stops dust, pollen, pollution and bird faeces from sticking to solar panels, keeping them cleaner for longer, maintaining higher efficiency over time, ensuring the maximum possible amount of electricity is produced.

ESSENTIALLY

There shouldn't really be any nano un-coated panels on the market anymore. Though there are different products with different nano-formulations on the market there is one thing the industry has learned.

Less contaminants on solar panels means less maintenance and higher overall energy production. Dirty solar panels can reduce their efficiency by 30%. Nobody can want that.

Data from 186 solar farms has shown that over an average 145-day summer, a 7.4% loss in power generation was experienced. This is larger than losses due to cell degradation. A study in the UK estimates losses are 10-15% annually if modules are left unattended.

We assist with sourcing products which offer highly transparent, low cost, durable and robust self-cleaning surfaces. A clear winner and contributor to a more sustainable low carbon energy world.

APPLICATIONS

Suitable for all residential, commercial industrial solar panel / photo-voltaic (PV) installations. Generally, the product range, chemistry and coating choices are plenty and the right choice can be hard. Ask us for specific advise. One coating is usually sufficient. The coating process is swift but should not never be performed by untrained personnel.

PROPERTIES

  • Temperature stable up to 200 °C
  • Coating thickness from 1 up to 10 µm
  • No change in optical quality of substrate
  • Enhanced surface scratch-resistant of up to 10 H
  • Enhanced surface abrasive hardness
  • Chemical-proof to usual detergents, disinfectants
  • 100% transparent, Non-leaching
  • Mechanically flexible; Great Substrate Adhesion
  • Droplet contact angle < 90 ° to < 5 ° (Hydrophilic)
  • Has "Self-Cleaning" properties
  • Increases air velocity by up to 50%
  • Applications ranging from agricultural to health care, from catheters to greenhouse panels, etc
  • Antimicrobial

NOTE

We are also observing other types of solar panel nano-coatings such as -

  1. "Anti Reflective Coatings" and
  2. Early stage developments of "Solar Paints"
Get in touch with us to get our take.

4
Nano Clean Glass & Ceramic protective coating India

Nano Glass & Ceramic

Nano Glass & Ceramic: Keep your glass, ceramic and marble surfaces looking as good as new with cutting-edge nano-coating solutions, designed to resist wear and tear, retain its lustre for longer and make cleaning a breeze.



Suggested further reading:
Hydrophobicity for Newbies

Excellent easy-clean effect (self-cleaning - nothing sticks) for up to 5 years.

Cuts cleaning time and resources by up to 90%. Keeps glass and ceramic cleaner for longer. Reduces cleaning cycles and water consumption by up to 50%.

A great performing product with superior protection against staining and etching from dirt, salt, soap, scum, limescale, chlorine, etc.

Abrasion resistant. UV-stable. Chemical resistant. Also suitable for floor tiles, wall tiles (including grout), skylights, atriums, glass awnings, etc.

WHAT IS IT?

An entirely transparent nano-enabled protective coating, created specifically for all indoor and outdoor glass, ceramic and porcelain surfaces.

Professionally sprayed onto a substrate a good Nano Glass & Ceramic product forms an extremely strong and long-lasting molecular level adhesive bond with the surface which repels effectively water and prevents the build-up of dirt, soap scum, limescale, salt, chlorine and other contaminants.

Beneficial for the Building, Construction and Facilities Management industry who will see immediate savings.

Also interesting for the hospitality and retail sector where pristine looking glass facades and panels are industry standard and any reduction in cleaning cycles an absolute no-brainer.

ESSENTIALLY

Glass & Ceramic nano-coatings make cleaning easy and can reduce your cleaning time by up to 90%. It significantly reduces the need for chemical cleaning products and water. A quick wipe with a damp cloth or a mild detergent is all that is usually required.

Because water won’t sit on treated surfaces, fungus and mould can’t develop, resulting in the surfaces remaining hygienic and visibly pleasing.

We only recommend products which are ISO 11507 certified and are of industrial grade, suitable for both residential and commercial use.

APPLICATIONS

Nano products which protect glass, ceramic, porcelain, etc. are professionally spray-coated on the substrate at client premises. One coating is usually sufficient. The coating process is swift but should not never be performed by untrained personnel. Substrates need to be as clean as possible, free of any visible stains, dirt or fatty substances before we apply it.

  • Windows, office facades, glass doors and frosted glass
  • Shopfront windows
  • Shower screens, glass, basins, toilets and ceramic tiles
  • Change rooms – shower tiles and cubicles, mirrors, floor and wall tiles
  • Ceramic tile and glass surfaces
  • Pool fences
  • Glass balustrades
  • Skylights, atriums, glass awnings

PROPERTIES

  • Strong hydrophobicity (water pearls off)
  • Strong non-stick properties (no dirt build-up)
  • Excellent easy-clean effect (self-cleaning)
  • Cuts cleaning time and keeps glass cleaner between cleans (reduced cleaning cycles)
  • Superior protection against staining and etching from dirt, salt & chlorine
  • Invisible to the human eye (thickness: 50 - 60 nm)
  • Long lasting and abrasion resistant
  • UV-stable, and chemical resistant
  • Suitable for new & existing glass
  • Ecologically sustainable (minimises the need for harsh chemical cleaners & water)
  • Suitable for floor tiles, wall tiles (including grout), etc.
  • Economical (low quantities needed)
5
Nano Anti fog permanent protective coating India

Nano Anti-Fog

Nano Anti-Fog: Especially developed hydrophilic nano-coating solutions can prevent fogging up entirely and provide long-lasting and effective protection against fogging for a wide range of surfaces and applications.



With a 100% permanency Anti-Fog nano-coatings have found thousands of industrial applications (think: helmet-visor, diving/swim goggles, vehicle mirrors, etc.)

Temperature stable up to 200 °C. No change in optical quality of substrate. Enhanced surface scratch-resistant of up to 10 H.
Chemical-proof to usual detergents and disinfectants.

100% transparent. Non-leaching. Mechanically flexible. Great Substrate Adhesion. Droplet contact angle < 90 ° to < 5 ° (Hydrophilic). "Self-Cleaning" properties. Increases air velocity by up to 50%.

WHAT IS IT?

Here's a nano-structured coating solution which becomes interesting when you encounter frequent problems with condensation / fog on surfaces like glass, PVC, etc.

There are situations where a foggy surface is undesirable or even dangerous (think: motorbike helmet-visor, diving goggles, mirrors, etc).

With a 100% permanency hydrophilic Anti-Fog has thousands of potential industrial applications. We can only list here the most commonly used.

ESSENTIALLY

Smart "Hydrophilic" Nanotech makes sure that water droplets on a smooth surface are spread so thin and wide (wetting) that noticeable condensation as we know it just doesn't happen anymore.

A 100% clear, transparent, functional, hydrophilic layer coated on, say, a mirror, means that water droplets just won't build or stick on it but instantly spread into the physically thinnest possible film which evaporates quicker and evenly.

APPLICATIONS

Permanent Anti-Fog can safely be applied on most glass and plastics (PC, ETFE and more) surfaces. One coating is usually sufficient. The coating process is swift but should not never be performed by untrained personnel.

  • Safety goggles
  • Coverings, Panels
  • Glasses, sunglasses
  • Sports Goggles
  • Diving Masks & Swim Goggles
  • Motorcycle helmets
  • Mirrors
  • Touchscreens
  • Car windows, car mirrors
  • Camera Lenses
  • Heat Exchangers in Air-Conditionings

PROPERTIES

  • Temperature stable up to 200 °C
  • Coating thickness from 1 up to 10 µm
  • No change in optical quality of substrate
  • Enhanced surface scratch-resistant of up to 10 H
  • Enhanced surface abrasive hardness
  • Chemical-proof to usual detergents, disinfectants
  • 100% transparent, Non-leaching
  • Mechanically flexible; Great Substrate Adhesion
  • Droplet contact angle < 90 ° to < 5 ° (Hydrophilic)
  • Has "Self-Cleaning" properties
  • Increases air velocity by up to 50%
  • Applications ranging from agricultural to health care, from catheters to greenhouse panels, etc.
  • Antimicrobial
6
Nano Textitle and Fabric Coating India

Nano Fabric & Textile

Nano Fabric & Textile: Outdoor gear, sports equipment, workwear, and more: specially developed products provide enhanced performance and protection, making them ideal for a wide range of applications and industries.



Suggested further reading:
Hydrophobicity for Newbies

Repels water and contaminants for up to 2 years. Strong Hydrophobic and Oleophobic properties.

Maintains look, feel, character. Washing agent resistant.

Non-allergenic. Doesn't get into your skin. Zero harmful substances.

100% invisible to the naked eye. Eliminates odour. Antimicrobial properties.

WHAT IS IT?

Correctly applied, nano fabric & textile products work such that they surround the surface on a molecular level of every fibre with an anti-adhesion coating. Nothing sticks to the material anymore. Liquids cannot be absorbed into the fabric. Your textile or fabric remains 100% stain-free.

Complete fibre protection. Protects almost all types of textiles against water, dirt and stains, whilst remaining totally invisible. Can be used on suede and leather as well as wool, cotton, synthetics and silk. Won't affect materials' appearance, its ability to breathe, the colour or feel.

Evolving consumer choices are slowly driving a desperately needed move toward more consciousness and sustainability. Nano-treated fabrics & textiles can make a world of a difference here.

ESSENTIALLY

A good Fabric + Textile product surrounds every fibre of a fabric / textile with a matrix network of nanoparticles that are extremely hydrophobic and oleophobic; that is, they repel both liquids and contaminants. Most products can last up to 2 years depending on how and how often you wash or clean your material.

APPLICATIONS

One coating is usually sufficient. The coating process is swift but should not never be performed by untrained personnel.

  • All types of clothing
  • Footwear, especially outdoor wear
  • Indoor upholstery such as sofas, chairs, tablecloths, bedding, pillows
  • Leather and fake leather materials
  • Carpets, rugs
  • Car, truck, plane seats
  • Public transport seating
  • Outdoor furniture
  • Canvas umbrellas, marquees, awnings and shades
  • Convertible car roofs

PROPERTIES

  • Extremely hydrophobic and oleophobic (repels water and contaminants)
  • Maintains the look, feel, character of the material
  • Prevents / repels stains
  • 100% invisible
  • Weather, UV-stable (no discolouration)
  • Washing agent resistant
  • Non allergenic
  • Non leaching (doesn't get into your skin)
  • Environmentally friendly
  • Prevents bacteria-caused odour development (antimicrobial)
  • Additional properties may include stain repellence, wrinkle-freeness, static elimination, and electrical conductivity to fibres
7
Nano Antimicrobial surface protective coating India

Nano Antimicrobial

Nano Antimicrobial: Maintain a healthy and safe environment with state-of-the-art nano-antimicrobial coatings, specially designed to combat germs and bacteria on various surfaces, effectively preventing infections.



Suggested further reading:
Nano Antimicrobial for Newbies

Up to 365 days of continuous 99.9% passive protection from germs on surfaces. Prevents surface contamination from over 100 viruses (incl. SARS-CoV-2), bacteria, fungi, yeasts and algae. Non-toxic. Non-leaching and VOC-Free. 100% invisible.

Rids unpleasant odours. Cuts cleaning and disinfection time & resources by up to 50%

Very interesting for the healthcare, pharmaceutical and public transport
sectors to minimise the risk of spreading diseases through the touch of contaminated surfaces.

WHAT IS IT?

The world of Nanotechnology quietly made it possible to spray-coat any surface at your premises and achieve protection from germs for up-to 365 days with an efficacy of over 99.9% throughout.

Antimicrobial coatings are 100% safe even for infants and pets. It adheres onto any surface it is sprayed onto and builds a new protective layer of, for example, razor-sharp spikes which physically kill hundreds of Viruses, Bacteria and Fungi (ask us for a list).

ESSENTIALLY

Yes - it kills SARS-CoV-2, too. And the same faith awaits Influenza, Polio, Noro, Hepatitis, MRSA, E.Coli, Salmonella, Streptococcus, etc.

Nano Antimicrobial Protective Coatings can reduce your current cleaning / sanitation expenses by up to 50%. That's a lot less harsh and toxic chemistry, water, waste-water, garbage and cleaning time. There are many products on the market which can differ a lot in the way they work. Ask Lotus Nano for professional and independent advise.

It made its ways in many industry sectors, e.g: schools, healthcare, hospitality, public transport private residences, shops, offices, packaging, etc.

Antimicrobial Coatings can also purify the air and neutralise odour from air-conditioners in cars, offices, homes and even masks.

Nano Antimicrobial surface coating has become the preferred protection method during the pandemic and it looks like it is becoming the hygiene standard in a growing number of industries. 100% Human and pet safe. Outstanding Economical viability & ecological footprint.

Used on frequent touch-points in public and commercial and private facilities.

APPLICATIONS

Antimicrobial surface coatings protect people from touch contamination. We recommend it for critical surface areas which people frequently get in contact with. Certain industry sectors may have more specific requirements to ensure the safety of people. One coating is usually sufficient. The coating process is swift but should not never be performed by untrained personnel.

Antimicrobial Surface Protection is useful in nearly any industry and most in demand in:

  • Pharmaceutical
  • Healthcare
  • Education
  • Manufacturing
  • Sports/Recreation
  • Hospitality
  • Retail
  • Logistics
  • Public Transport
  • etc.

PROPERTIES

  • Destroys 100+ types of bacteria, germs & fungi
  • Lasts 24/7, 90 to 365 days with an efficacy of over 99.9% throughout. (product dependent)
  • Provides instant & continuous 24/7 protection after a single application
  • Excellent adhesion to hard substrates
  • High UV and chemical resistance
  • Suitable for use indoors and outdoors
  • Safe use on all hard surfaces including metal, plastic, glass, polished timber, and stone
  • Safe use on indirect food contact surfaces (e.g. fridge, freezer, cold-room, packaging, and much more)
  • Economical & ecological
  • Non-toxic, Non-leaching and VOC Free
  • 100% invisible
  • Rids unpleasant odours
  • Cuts cleaning and disinfection time & resources
  • No need to continually disinfect surfaces
  • Efficacy can be tested anytime
  • Purifies Airconditioners
8
Nano Anti graffiti protective coating

Nano Anti Graffiti

Nano Anti Graffiti: A protective coating that prevents graffiti (and more!) from penetrating surfaces. It makes graffiti, dirt, etc. easy to remove without damaging the surface. It can be applied on many types of substrates.

WHAT IS IT?

Graffiti materials, such as spray paints or markers, can penetrate the surface of a substrate if not protected, and create a permanent mark.

Anti-graffiti coatings work by creating a barrier that prevents graffiti materials from reaching to the surface and making it a lot easier to remove without causing damage.

Nano anti-graffiti coatings can be used on a variety of surfaces, and they can also have additional properties beyond just preventing graffiti. Some coatings may be formulated to also be water-repellent, oil-repellent, or UV-resistant, which can help to protect the underlying surface from other types of damage.

ESSENTIALLY

Nano anti-graffiti coatings offer superior protection against graffiti compared to traditional coatings. Its nanoparticles create a barrier that prevents graffiti paints from penetrating the surface, making it easy to remove without causing damage to the underlying surface. It can be applied to a wide range of surfaces and extend the life of the surfaces, saving the cost of frequent maintenance.>

APPLICATIONS

Nano Anti-Graffiti can protect a lot of things. Here just a few examples:

  • Building exteriors to prevent graffiti vandalism.
  • Trains and buses to keep them looking clean and new.
  • Historical monuments to protect their appearance.
  • Outdoor sculptures and art installations.
  • Parking garages and parking lots to prevent graffiti.
  • Commercial buildings to maintain a professional appearance.
  • Public restrooms to reduce maintenance costs.
  • School buildings and universities to maintain a safe and respectful environment.
  • Interior walls and surfaces to prevent graffiti and vandalism.
  • Outdoor advertising billboards to maintain their visibility.
  • Public transportation infrastructure such as subway stations, platforms, and trains
  • Public areas such as parks, playgrounds, and sports facilities
  • Industrial facilities and warehouses
  • Retail spaces and shopping centres
  • Private properties such as residential buildings and homes.
  • Public utility structures, such as water treatment plants and power substations.
  • Recreational facilities, such as playgrounds and skateparks.
  • Transportation infrastructure, such as bridges, tunnels, and overpasses.
  • Public spaces, such as sidewalks and public squares.
  • Street furniture, such as benches and trash cans.
  • Public transport vehicles, such as buses, trains and subway cars.
  • Commercial vehicles, such as delivery trucks and trailers.
  • Construction sites and equipment.
  • Telecommunication infrastructure, such as cell towers and utility poles.
  • Emergency services vehicles, such as fire trucks and ambulances.

PROPERTIES

  • Coating Thickness: from few nanometers to several microns. A thicker coating is not automatically a better coating.
  • The ability to prevent graffiti from adhering to the surface, making it easy to remove without damaging the underlying surface.
  • Durability and resistance to weathering, UV radiation and other environmental factors
  • Chemical resistance to common graffiti removers and solvents
  • Low maintenance requirement
  • Easy to clean and reapply if needed
  • Transparent or near-transparent appearance to maintain the natural look of the surface
  • May have self-cleaning properties
  • May be hydrophobic or oleophobic to prevent graffiti from sticking.
  • May be resistant to scratches and abrasion
  • May be UV resistant to prevent fading or discolouration of the surface
  • Some coatings may be breathable to prevent blistering or peeling of the coating
  • Most modern nano anti-graffiti coatings are environment-friendly and non-toxic.
9
Nano Electric / Electronic / Circuit protective coating India

Electrical / Circuits

Nano Electrical / Circuits: Cutting-edge nano-coating solutions for circuit protection provide superior shielding and insulation against environmental factors even under harsh conditions, keeping your electronics running.



Suggested further reading:
Hydrophobicity for Newbies

Several Years protection of electrical / electronic equipment or circuits from exposure to water, steam, humidity, condensation, fog, snow, rain, flooding, chlorinated and salt water.

Ensures long term faultless operation. Works at -20 to +130 Celsius and 3 - 10000 Volts.

WHAT IS IT?

Today's cutting-edge advances in Nanotechnology make it easy to protect electric and electronic devices and installations.

Even in the harshest of environments or after total inundation, or in extreme humid conditions, these nano-products displace moisture and build up a flexible and durable coat, which provides perfect protection from both short circuiting and oxidation.

ESSENTIALLY

A good Electrical + Circuits nano-product is your essential protection against water damage and equipment failure due to moisture and extreme weather conditions.

Generally, its formulation is based on a mixture of highly refined mineral oils and naphthenic hydrocarbons. These effectively push moisture away from all electrical connections and equipment, to maintain the electrical circuit.

Moisture is both driven out from and prevented from entering the treated area - restoring connectivity and eliminating short-circuiting / electrical breakdowns over a long time.

APPLICATIONS

Nano products which protect electrics or electronics efficiently are professionally coated on a substrate at client premises either during the production or at any later stage of the product lifecycle. One coating is usually sufficient. The coating process is swift but should not never be performed by untrained personnel. Substrates need to be as clean as possible, free of any visible stains, dirt or fatty substances before we apply it.

  • Used for prevention, repairs and emergencies. Used where current leaks need to be suppressed, electrical contacts restored and/or where electrical short circuits problems to be eliminated
  • Suitable for use on all electrical equipment from 3 to 10,000 volts including mining, automotive, marine, agricultural, electronic and electrical devices, robotics, hifi & high-end audio, industrial and construction.

PROPERTIES

  • Long and reliable protection of electrical / electronic equipment from exposure to all forms of water (steam, humidity, condensation, fog, snow, rain, flooding, chlorinated and salt water, etc.)
  • Prevents costly electrical outages
  • Reduces maintenance, equipment replacement and labour costs.
  • Quickly dries out electrical systems to eliminate moisture induced short circuits, even when the surface is already wet or has been inundated.
  • Secures long term faultless operation
  • No adverse effects on plastics, rubber, glass, varnishes, ceramics or metals
  • Does not attack insulating varnishes.
  • Extremely hydrophobic. Does not emulsify.
  • Insensitive to extreme weather / temperatures (Effective at -20oC - +130oC)
  • Maintains elasticity (ideal for flexible parts)
  • Contains no resins, silicone, acrylics, teflon or aromatic compounds
Top 9 Nano-Coatings
your business should be using today:
PDF   |   Online

Insights Hub

Lotus Nano regularly publishes free articles and studies on Industrial Nanocoatings.

Nano FAQs

Common Nanotech Jargon Explained

NANO

/næn.oʊ-/
origin latin for: "dwarf"

One billionth of a stated unit.
Here: E.g.: 0.000,000,001 of a meter
That's it!
Nanotechnology is the manipulation and engineering of materials on a molecular and atomic (1-100 nanometer or nm) scale. It was first proposed by physicist Richard Feynman in his famous 1959 lecture "There's Plenty of Room at the Bottom," in which he discussed the possibility of manipulating and arranging individual atoms and molecules to create new materials and devices.

The development of the scanning tunnelling microscope in 1981 and the atomic force microscope in 1986 enabled scientists to directly manipulate and image individual atoms and molecules, which helped to pave the way for the growth of nanotechnology as a field.

Some of the key achievements of nanotechnology include the creation of new materials with unique optical, electrical, and magnetic properties; the development of new medical diagnostic and treatment methods, such as targeted drug delivery and imaging techniques; and the creation of new devices for energy production and storage, such as solar cells, batteries and even photosynthesis.

The outlook for nanotechnology is very positive, some placing it into the Top 10 of the most promising technologies that will shape our future, as it has the potential to revolutionise a wide range of industries, from medicine and electronics to energy and materials science. Researchers are working on developing new methods for synthesising and manipulating nanomaterials, as well as improving our understanding of the unique properties of materials at the nanoscale.

Here are a few examples of specific applications and areas of research in nanotechnology:

  • Medicine: Researchers are developing new diagnostic methods, such as biosensors and imaging techniques, as well as new therapeutic methods, such as targeted drug delivery and gene therapy. Nanoparticles can also be used for medical imaging and for sensing biological molecules.
  • Electronics: Nanotechnology is being used to develop new types of transistors, data storage devices, and other electronic components that are smaller, faster, and more energy-efficient than current technologies. Researchers are also exploring the use of carbon nanotubes and graphene in electronics.
  • Energy: Scientists are working on developing new methods for producing and storing energy, such as solar cells and batteries that use nanomaterials. These devices can have improved performance and efficiency compared to conventional technologies.
  • Materials science: Researchers are using nanotechnology to create new materials with unique properties, such as self-cleaning surfaces, improved strength and toughness, and new optical and electronic properties. Applications include textiles, catalysts and coatings.
  • Environmental Science: One of the most promising application of nanotechnology is its ability to help address environmental problems. Researchers are investigating the use of nanomaterials in areas such as water treatment, air purification, and contaminant remediation.
  • Biotechnology: Researchers are using nanotechnology to develop new tools for understanding and manipulating biological systems at the cellular and molecular level. Applications include the development of new drug delivery systems, diagnostic techniques, and biosensors.
  • Cosmetics: cosmetics industry is extensively using the nanoparticles for its products such as sunscreens, anti-aging creams and makeup products, these tiny particles can be used to deliver active ingredients in a more targeted and effective way, resulting in improved product performance.
  • Agriculture: Nanotechnology is being used to develop new methods for improving crop yields and food quality, as well as new methods for pest control and soil management. Nanoparticles can be used as a carrier for fertilizer, pesticides, and other essential agricultural inputs, allowing for more efficient and targeted delivery.
  • Water treatment: Researchers are using nanotechnology to develop new methods for removing impurities from water, such as heavy metals and pollutants. By using nanoparticles, researchers can create new types of filters and adsorbents that can more effectively remove impurities from water.
  • Defence: Nanotechnology is also being used in defence industry, for example, to develop new types of lightweight, durable, and stronger materials for use in body armor, protective clothing, and other defence-related equipment.
  • Smart materials: Researchers are developing new materials that can respond to their environment and have "smart" properties, such as self-healing capabilities and the ability to change shape or form. These materials have potential applications in fields such as robotics, biomedical engineering, and aerospace.
  • Quantum computing: Research in the field of quantum computing involves the manipulation of individual atoms or molecules to create new types of computing devices that can perform certain types of calculations much faster than current computers. The properties of nanoscale systems make them ideal for this type of research.
  • Optoelectronics: Nanotechnology is being used to develop new devices that can control the flow of light and electricity, such as LEDs, lasers, and photovoltaics. These devices can be more efficient and have a wider range of applications than current technology.
  • Memory devices: Researchers are using nanotechnology to develop new types of memory devices, such as non-volatile memories and memories with high storage density. Applications include data storage, biometrics, and internet of things.
  • Environmental monitoring: Researchers are developing new methods for monitoring the environment using nanotechnology, such as air and water quality sensors, as well as methods for cleaning up environmental contaminants.
  • Advanced manufacturing: Researchers are using nanotechnology to improve manufacturing processes, such as 3D printing and microfabrication. By manipulating materials at the nanoscale, it is possible to create new structures and shapes that are not possible with traditional manufacturing methods.
  • Cybersecurity: Researchers are developing new methods for securing data and communications using nanotechnology, such as quantum encryption and nanoscale sensors.
  • Automotive: Nanotechnology is being used to improve the performance and efficiency of automotive parts and systems, such as batteries, fuel cells, and catalysts.
  • Food packaging: Researchers are developing new packaging materials that can extend the shelf life of food and protect it from contamination using nanotechnology.
  • Therapeutic delivery: Researchers are using nanotechnology to develop new methods for delivering drugs and therapies to specific cells and tissues in the body.
These are just a few examples of the many ways that nanotechnology is being used to improve various industries and aspects of our lives, and I hope it gives you an idea of the possibilities that this field holds. It is a complex and interdisciplinary field, with researchers from many different backgrounds collaborating to create new technologies and applications for the betterment of society.

Research in this field continues to produce new discoveries and advancements and the future looks promising with further breathtaking developments on the horizon.
hydrophobic

/hʌɪdrə(ʊ)ˈfəʊbɪk/
latin: "fear of water"

Hydrophobic is a property of a substance that repels water. Hydrophobic surfaces lack the affinity for water, and tending to repel or not to absorb water. Nature example: The Lotus Effect.

How is it used? Surfaces can be manipulated with certain Nanoparticles (NP) such, that water (or anything else you throw at it) simply runs off or can we wiped away without effort. When we coat windows, glass facades, vehicles, car-seats, textiles, solar panels etc. we'd make use of this phenomena.

When a hydrophobic substance gets dipped, sprayed, wiped, jetted, dispensed, screen printed or roll coated properly (talk to us!) onto a surface an invisible layer develops that adheres with the surface on a molecular level that can last for many years.

Hydrophobic layers have a strong self-cleaning effect on plastics, heat pipes, metals, textiles, glass, paints, and electronics. Hydrophobic layers improve the anti-freezing behaviour of heat pipes which prevents unwanted build-up and they function as a water and dust protecting coat on electronics. The presence of this property has a huge potential for products in large variety of industry sectors such as water treatment, heat transfer applications, biomedical devices, and many more.

APPLICATIONS:

Hydrophobic treatments for displays:
- Smartphone and computer touch displays
- Projection displays for LCDs, plasma, etc.
- OEM applications
- Optical components of video systems

Hydrophobic treatments for electronics:
- Ink repellency
- Inkjet printer nozzles
- Needles
- Stainless steel components
- Micro-fluidic device barriers, channels and wells
- Anti-wetting and non-stick applications

Hydrophobic treatments for optics industry:
- Eye glasses, sunglasses and other consumer optics
- Microscope, camera and scope lenses
- Sapphire and gorilla glass
- Goggles for industrial applications

Hydrophobic surface modifiers for industrial applications:
- Metal and stainless-steel treatments
- Mesh treatments
- Pipe and canal surface modifiers
- Tin and chrome plated metal parts
- Blood and body fluid repellents
- Surface modifiers for guide wires, wave guides and braces
- Oil repellent treatments for gas, smoke and oil sensors and detectors

Hydrophobic coatings for consumer goods:
- Stainless steel appliances and devices
- Household appliances
- Blades, needles and other cutting tools
- Wipes and sprays for oil repellents
- Jewellery treatments for easy cleaning

SUBSTRATES:

- Glass
- Metal
- Ceramic
- Mesh
- Fabric
- Membranes
- Particles
- Polycarbonate
- Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)
- Silicones
- Polypropylene
- Semiconductors
hydrophilic

/ˌhʌɪdrə(ʊ)ˈfɪlɪk/
latin: "love for water"

Hydrophilic refers to having a strong affinity for water. Something that is hydrophilic is soluble in water and dissolves into water very easily. Hydrophilic is the opposite of hydrophobic.

A hydrophilic coating increases the wetting on a surface. In applications like "anti-fog", it is often desirable to a have a uniform sheet of liquid. Hydrophilic coatings readily spread water around the object when exposed to moisture, thus enhancing its lubricity and significantly reducing surface friction.

Hydrophilic coatings act like microscopic sponges, gripping the water (or other liquid) to provide low frictional characteristics as long as the surface remains wet. These types of coatings are most notably used in the medical industry for coating medical devices and specifically, surgical tools.

Because these tools regularly come into contact with skin and bodily fluids, minimal friction is crucial. Surfaces coated with hydrophilic coatings exhibit low pulling forces and are able to navigate anatomical pathways while lessening patient discomfort.

The hydrophilic concept is used in many industries. For example, hydrophilic membrane filtration is used in several industries to filter various substances such as Bacteria, Viruses, Particulates, Drugs, Contaminates

Hydrophilic coatings are particularly effective in environments of excessive condensation (visors or goggles as the most straight-forward examples anyone can associate with) to major industrial applications, for example, to protect the exchanger from the corrosive effect of water. Hydrophilic coating also exhibits a fine performance in providing protection against water in high temperature and salty environments.
oleophobic

\ olioˈfō-bik\
latin: "fear of oil/fat"

Physical property possessed by a material that is characterised by a lack of affinity to oils. Oleophobic materials are resistant to the penetration or adhesion of oils and fats. Such materials are often used in the production of corrosion preventive coating substances.

Where is it used?
When you first unwrap a new smartphone, one of the most striking things is how new and shiny the screen looks. This has surprisingly little to do with the lack of scratches and more to do with the fresh coat of oleophobic coating on it.

Achieves great Anti Glare, Anti-Fingerprint, Anti-Scratch, Clear, Glossy, Shatterproof and Shock Absorber features.

Application Examples :

Oleophobic treatments for displays:
- Smartphone and computer touchscreens
- Projector displays
- Video system optical components

Oleophobic treatments for printing:
- Ink repellency
- Inkjet printer nozzles
- Needles
- Stainless steel components
- Anti-wetting and non-stick applications

Oleophobic treatments for optical industry:
- Eye glasses, sunglasses and other consumer optics
- microscope, camera and scope lenses
- Sapphire and gorilla glass
- Goggles for industrial applications

Oleophobic surface modifiers for industrial applications:
- Metal and stainless-steel treatments
- Mesh treatments
- Pipe and canal surface modifiers
- Tin and chrome plated metal parts
- Blood and body fluid repellents
- Surface modifiers for guide wires, wave guides and braces
- Oil repellent treatments for gas, smoke and oil sensors and detectors
- Micro-fluidic device barriers, channels and wells
- Lab on a chip device coatings

Oleophobic coatings for consumer goods:
- Stainless steel appliances and devices
- Household appliances
- Blades, needles and other cutting tools
- Wipes and sprays for oil repellents
- Jewellery treatments for easy cleaning

SUBSTRATES:

- Glass
- Metal
- Ceramic
- Mesh
- Fabric
- Membranes
- Particles
- Polycarbonate
- Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)
- Silicones
- Polypropylene
- Semiconductors
omniphobic

\ omniˈfō-bik\
latin: "fear of everything"

An "omniphobic" surface is a surface that repels most liquids and other materials. These surfaces are typically characterised by a high degree of micro- or nano-scale roughness, which creates a lot of air pockets. These air pockets make it difficult for liquids or other materials to adhere to the surface.

Omniphobic surfaces have a number of unique properties, including:

  • Low adhesion: Liquids and other materials have a difficult time adhering to an omniphobic surface, making them easy to clean and maintain.
  • Low wetting: Liquids will bead up and roll off an omniphobic surface, rather than spreading out and wetting the surface. This property is known as "low wetting."
  • High contact angle: The contact angle is a measure of how much a liquid beads up on a surface. An omniphobic surface will have a high contact angle, meaning that the liquid will bead up more on the surface.
  • Low energy: Omniphobic surfaces typically have a low surface energy, which means that they don't easily attract other materials.
  • High stability: The surface structure does not change over time, keeping its high hydrophobicity and oleophobicity performance
Above properties make omniphobic surfaces ideal for applications where liquids or other materials need to be repelled, such as in anti-fouling coatings, self-cleaning surfaces, water treatment, and medical devices.

It's also worth noting that some Omniphobic surfaces can also have special properties such as UV resistance, Chemical resistance, high temperature resistance and even anti-bacterial properties, depending on the coating materials and the process of creating the surface.

Sample applications for omniphobic surface protection include:

  • Marine: Omniphobic coatings created with nanotechnology can be applied to ships and other marine structures to prevent the accumulation of scratches, shells and other marine organisms. This can help reduce drag and fuel consumption.
  • Water treatment: Used in water treatment plants to prevent the formation of biofilms that can clog pipes and reduce the effectiveness of treatments.
  • Oil and Gas: Omniphobic coatings created with nanotechnology can be applied to oil and gas pipelines to prevent the accumulation of wax, paraffin and other substances that clog pipes
  • Medical: omniphobic surfaces created by nanotechnologies can be used in medical devices such as catheters and stents to prevent blood clots
  • Automobile:
    1) Paint coatings:
    applied to the exterior of cars to reduce the buildup of dirt, dust, and other substances that can make the car difficult to clean. Improves the aerodynamics of the car, which can lead to better fuel efficiency.
    2) Windshields / Mirrors: prevent the buildup of raindrops, which can improve visibility in rainy conditions and reduce the need for wipers.
    3) Interior surfaces: e.g. seats and dashboards, to to repel liquids and make them easier to clean.
    4) Fuel systems: fuel tanks and fuel injectors, to prevent the buildup of dirt and other substances that can clog the system and reduce performance.
    5) Engine: oil and coolant systems, to improve their performance and efficiency.
  • Buildings: Omniphobic coatings created with nanotechnology can be applied to building exteriors and roofing materials to reduce dirt and dust accumulation.
  • Appliances: Nanotechnology-engineered omniphobic coatings can be used to create non-stick surfaces on cookware, ovens, and other kitchen appliances
  • Textiles: Nanotechnology-engineered omniphobic coatings can be applied to fabrics to resist liquids and stains.
Omniphobic surfaces are similar to hydrophobic surfaces in that they both repel liquids, but there is an important distinction between the two.

Omniphobic surfaces have the ability to repel not just water but also oils, solvents and other materials.

There are many reasons why surfaces may be protected with nano-coatings:

  • Improved durability and wear resistance: Nano-coatings can improve the durability and wear resistance of surfaces, making them more resistant to scratches, corrosion, and other forms of damage.
  • Enhanced surface properties: Nano-coatings can be used to improve the surface properties of materials, such as their hydrophobicity, oleophobicity, and self-cleaning properties. This can make surfaces more resistant to water, oil, and dirt, which can make them easier to clean and maintain.
  • Increased resistance to environmental factors: Nano-coatings can be used to improve the resistance of surfaces to environmental factors such as UV light, heat, and chemicals. This can help to prolong the lifespan of surfaces and protect them from damage caused by exposure to these factors.
  • Improved biological performance: Nano-coatings can be used to improve the biological performance of surfaces, by promoting cell growth, warding off bacterial infections, or preventing biofouling.
  • Energy savings: In some applications, nano-coatings can be used to improve the energy efficiency of surfaces, for example, by reducing the amount of heat absorbed by a surface, or by reducing the amount of light reflected by a surface.
  • Cost-effectiveness: In some cases, nano-coatings can be cost-effective solutions for protecting surfaces. Depending on the intended use, application and properties needed, nano-coatings can be a cost-effective alternative to traditional coatings or even replacement of the surface.
  • Aesthetics: In certain cases, nano-coatings can be used to improve the appearance of a surface by providing it with a glossy or matte finish, or by changing its color.
  • Improved adhesion: Nano-coatings can be used to improve the adhesion of a coating to a surface by providing a surface modification.
  • Durability: Nano-coatings can be very durable and can last for several years, making them an effective long-term solution for protecting surfaces.
  • Flexibility: Nano-coatings can be applied to a wide range of materials and in various forms, including coatings, films, or nanoparticles. This allows for the protection of different types of surfaces, from flat to complex geometries.
  • Multifunctional Properties: Some nano-coatings are capable of providing multiple functionalities, such as UV-resistance, self-cleaning, and anti-fogging properties, making them more cost-effective compared to applying multiple coatings.
  • Cost savings: In some cases, nano-coatings can help reduce maintenance costs, by making surfaces more resistant to wear and tear, and by making them easier to clean. This can result in significant cost savings over time.
  • Improved corrosion resistance: Nano-coatings can be used to improve the corrosion resistance of surfaces, which can be especially beneficial in environments where the surface is exposed to moisture, salt, or chemicals.
  • Improved fire resistance: Some nano-coatings can be used to improve the fire resistance of surfaces, by providing insulation or by releasing a fire-extinguishing agent when exposed to high temperatures.
  • Improved tribological properties: Some nano-coatings can improve the tribological properties of surfaces, for example, by reducing friction and wear between surfaces in contact.
  • Enhanced optical properties: Some nano-coatings can be used to improve the optical properties of surfaces, such as their transmittance, reflectance, or absorption of light. This can be beneficial for applications such as solar cells, displays, or cameras.
  • Enhanced electrical properties: Some nano-coatings can be used to improve the electrical properties of surfaces, such as their conductivity or dielectric properties. This can be beneficial for applications such as electronic devices or energy storage.
  • Customizable properties: Nano-coatings can be tailored to have specific properties, such as colour, reflectivity, and hardness, to meet the demands of different application.
  • Improved Thermal properties: Some nano-coatings can be used to improve the thermal properties of surfaces, such as thermal conductivity and insulation. This can be beneficial for applications such as electronics, energy generation, and aerospace.
  • Improved mechanical properties: Some nano-coatings can be used to improve the mechanical properties of surfaces, such as strength, toughness, and hardness. This can be beneficial for applications such as construction, machinery, and aerospace.
  • Reduced VOC emissions: Some nano-coatings, such as self-cleaning coatings, can be used to reduce volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emissions. These types of coatings can help to minimize the negative impact of coatings on the environment and human health.
  • Improved barrier properties: Some nano-coatings can be used to improve the barrier properties of surfaces, such as gas and water permeability. This can be beneficial for applications such as packaging, construction, and biomedical devices.
  • Enhanced catalytic properties: Some nano-coatings can be used to improve the catalytic properties of surfaces. This can be beneficial for applications such as energy generation, chemical production, and environmental purification.
  • Increased service life: Some nano-coatings can increase the service life of a surface, by providing better protection and durability, which can result in significant cost savings over time.
  • Improved control over surface properties: Nano-coatings can be designed to control the surface properties of a material, such as wetting, adhesion and charge, which can be beneficial for various applications like biomedical devices, energy storage, and water treatment.
  • Enhanced performance of bulk materials: Nano-coatings can be used to enhance the performance of bulk materials by improving the properties of the surface layers. This can be beneficial in the field of mechanics, electronics, and energy storage.
  • Reduced need for surface preparation: Some nano-coatings can be applied to surfaces without the need for extensive surface preparation, reducing labor costs and time spent on surface preparation.
  • Enhanced energy efficiency: Nano-coatings can be used to improve the energy efficiency of surfaces by reducing the amount of energy needed to heat or cool a building.
  • Improved environmental performance: Some nano-coatings can be used to improve the environmental performance of a surface, by reducing the amount of pollutants emitted by a surface, or by reducing the amount of energy needed to heat or cool a building.
  • Lower application costs: Nano-coatings can be applied using various methods, like dipping, spraying, and spinning, which can result in lower application costs compared to traditional coatings.
A wide range of materials can be nano coated, including metals, ceramics, polymers, and composites. Some common examples include:

  • Metals: Metals such as aluminium, steel, and titanium can be nano coated to improve their corrosion resistance, wear resistance, and tribological properties.
  • Ceramics: Ceramic materials such as alumina, silicon carbide, and zirconia can be nano coated to improve their wear resistance, corrosion resistance, and biocompatibility.
  • Polymers: Polymers such as polyethylene, polypropylene, and polycarbonate can be nano coated to improve their wear resistance, corrosion resistance, and tribological properties.
  • Composites: Composites such as fibre-reinforced polymers, metal-matrix composites, and ceramic-matrix composites can be nano coated to improve their wear resistance, corrosion resistance, and tribological properties.
  • Glasses: Glass can be nano coated with various materials, such as titanium dioxide, silicon dioxide or zinc oxide to improve its hydrophobicity, scratch resistance, and UV protection.
  • Biomaterials: Biomaterials such as biodegradable polymers, natural fibres, and ceramics can be nano coated to improve their bioactivity and biocompatibility.
  • Semiconductors: Semiconductor materials such as silicon and gallium arsenide can be nano coated to improve their electrical and optical properties.
  • Biomedical implants: Biomedical implants such as surgical instruments, pacemakers, and dental implants can be nano coated to improve their biocompatibility and reduce the risk of infection.
  • Textiles: Textile materials such as cotton, wool, and synthetic fabrics can be nano coated to improve their water and stain resistance, UV protection, and antimicrobial properties.
  • Concrete: Concrete and other construction materials can be nano coated with materials such as silica and titanium dioxide nanoparticles to improve their strength, durability, and self-cleaning properties.
It's important to keep in mind that not all materials can be nano coated, or the properties of the materials may not benefit from a nano coating. The materials' properties and requirements of the intended application must be considered before deciding to nano coat it. Additionally, it's crucial to consider the safety and environmental impact of the materials and nano coating process before any application
Successful Nano Coating Applications typically require the following prerequisites:

  • A suitable substrate: The surface on which the coating will be applied must be clean, smooth, and free of defects to ensure proper adhesion.
  • An appropriate coating solution: The coating solution should be chosen based on the properties desired in the final coating, such as corrosion resistance, thermal stability, or mechanical strength.
  • Proper application methods: The coating solution should be applied using techniques such as dip coating, spray coating, or spin coating to ensure uniform thickness and coverage.
  • Controlled conditions: The coating should be applied in a controlled environment with carefully controlled temperature, humidity, and pressure to ensure reproducible results.
  • Quality control: The coating should be inspected for defects and evaluated for performance using techniques such as microscopy, ellipsometry, or X-ray diffraction.
  • Proper storage: Proper storage conditions are important to maintain the quality of the coating and to ensure long-term performance.
  • Surface preparation: The surface to be coated should be carefully prepared before applying the coating solution. This can include cleaning the surface to remove any contaminants, etching the surface to create a roughness profile, or applying a primer to improve adhesion.
  • Coating thickness: The thickness of the coating can be critical for certain applications. It should be controlled as accurately as possible to ensure the desired properties are achieved.
  • Proper curing: Many nano coatings require some form of curing after they have been applied. This can include heat curing, UV curing, or air curing, depending on the specific coating system.
  • Compatibility: When you use nano coatings, the chemical and physical compatibility should be considered. For example, certain coatings would not be appropriate for certain types of materials, and certain coatings would not be stable in certain environments. It's important to choose the right coating solution for your specific application.
  • Scale-up: If a nano coating process is developed on a small scale, scaling it up to industrial levels can introduce new challenges. The process parameters, such as temperature, humidity, and flow rate, may need to be adjusted to ensure the same results on a larger scale.
  • Durability: Nano coatings should be able to withstand wear and tear over time and under various environmental conditions. The coating should be durable, able to withstand different stresses such as impact, abrasion, temperature, and humidity.
  • Regulatory compliance: Nano coatings may fall under different regulatory requirements. It's important to ensure that the coating and the process used to apply it comply with relevant laws and regulations before the coating can be used.
  • Health and safety: The materials used in nano coating application process should be evaluated for toxicity and safe handling. It's important to consider the potential health risks of exposure to the coating materials, as well as to ensure that the coating process itself is safe for the workers involved.
  • Economic Feasibility: The cost of nano coating technology has to be justified by the benefits it brings. Before making a final decision, the financial aspects of the coating process should be considered, including the cost of the coating materials, the cost of the application process, and the cost of maintaining the coating over time.
  • Environmental Impact: Nano coatings should have a minimal environmental impact. This means considering the use of sustainable materials, the energy consumption of the coating process, and the end-of-life disposal of the coated materials.
  • Customisation: Some application may require specialised or custom coatings to meet specific requirements. It's important to consider whether a standard coating solution can be adapted for the specific application, or if a custom coating solution is needed.
  • Testing and validation: Testing and validation are crucial for nano coating applications. Tests should be conducted to evaluate the coating's performance in the relevant environment, and to ensure the coating meets the desired specifications.
  • Collaboration: Collaboration between multiple teams and experts is important for successful nano coating application. Bringing together different areas of expertise, such as materials science, process engineering, and product design, can help to identify and solve any potential problems, and ensure that the final coating is fit for purpose.
  • Continual improvement: Technology is constantly evolving and improving, thus it's important to keep abreast of new developments and to continuously strive to improve the coating process and the final product.
  • Surface energy: The surface energy of the substrate is an important consideration for nano coating application. The surface energy of the substrate and coating materials should be closely matched to ensure good wetting and adhesion.
  • Surface chemistry: The chemical makeup of the substrate will influence the performance of the coating. Careful selection of the coating material and an understanding of the chemical interactions between the substrate and coating are important to ensure proper adhesion and durability.
  • Surface roughness: Surface roughness can affect the performance of nano coatings. Some coatings may require a very smooth substrate, while others may perform better on a rougher surface. The surface roughness should be considered when selecting the coating material and application method.
  • Coating homogeneity: The coating should be as homogeneous as possible in order to achieve optimal performance. This includes uniformity of thickness, and uniformity of chemical and physical properties.
  • Standardisation: Standardisation of the coating process is important to ensure repeatability and reproducibility of results. This includes using standardised test methods, equipment, and protocols.
  • Flexibility: Finally, the coating process should be flexible enough to be adapted to different substrates, coatings, and application conditions. It's important to have a process that can be tailored to specific needs and requirements.
  • Surface Cleanliness: The surface to be coated must be cleaned properly to ensure the coating adheres well and performs optimally. This includes removing any dust, oil, or other contaminants that may be present on the surface.
  • Adhesion: Adhesion of the coating to the substrate is an important consideration for the performance and longevity of the coating. Adhesion can be enhanced by using surface treatments such as plasma cleaning or by using primers.
  • Porosity: Some coatings may require a certain level of porosity to allow for the diffusion of gases or liquids through the coating. This should be taken into account when choosing a coating material and application method.
  • Surface modification: Surface modification is a technique used to improve the adhesion, durability, and overall performance of the coating. This can include roughening the surface, applying a primer, or using plasma treatment to modify the surface chemistry.
  • Impact resistance: Impact resistance is an important consideration for coatings that will be subjected to mechanical stress, like in the automotive industry. This should be evaluated during the testing and validation stage.
  • Corrosion resistance: Corrosion resistance is an important consideration for coatings used in harsh environments such as marine or industrial settings. This should be evaluated during the testing and validation stage.
  • Dry Film Thickness: The dry film thickness (DFT) of the coating is an important consideration for many applications. DFT should be controlled accurately to ensure the desired properties of the coating are achieved.
  • Cost-Effectiveness: The cost-effectiveness of a coating process should be evaluated in terms of the cost of the coating materials, the cost of the application process, and the cost of maintaining the coating over time.
  • Viscosity: The viscosity of the coating solution is an important consideration as it affects the ability of the coating to flow and wet the surface. The viscosity should be appropriate for the application method and surface condition.
  • Rheological properties: Rheological properties, such as viscosity, viscoelasticity, and yield stress are important for some coating application methods, such as roll-to-roll or screen printing. Proper rheological properties can prevent dripping, sagging, or pooling during application, which can result in uneven coatings.
  • UV stability: Some coatings may be sensitive to UV radiation and degrade over time if exposed. This should be considered when choosing a coating material and application method, especially if the coating will be exposed to UV light.
  • Weathering resistance: Weathering resistance is an important consideration for coatings that will be exposed to outdoor environments. This should be evaluated during the testing and validation stage.
  • Film formation: The coating solution should form a stable film after application and curing. This will depend on the properties of the coating solution and the conditions of the coating process.
  • Microstructure: The microstructure of the coating is an important consideration as it can affect the mechanical and physical properties of the coating. This can be evaluated using techniques such as scanning electron microscopy (SEM) or transmission electron microscopy (TEM).
Keep in mind that this list is no particular order, nor is it complete and the specific prerequisites will vary depending on the type of coating, the substrate, and the application.
Lotus Nano offers several methods to apply nano-coatings, including:

  • Sol-Gel method: This is a common method for applying nano-coatings, where a precursor solution is applied to the surface, followed by curing or drying to create the coating.
  • Physical Vapour Deposition (PVD): PVD involves the use of a vacuum chamber to deposit a thin film of material onto a substrate. The coating is formed by the condensation of vaporised material onto the surface.
  • Chemical Vapour Deposition (CVD): CVD is a similar process to PVD, but instead of using vaporised material, chemicals are used to deposit a thin film of coating onto the surface.
  • Spin Coating: This is a simple and inexpensive method to apply nano-coatings, where a solution containing the coating material is applied to the surface using a spinning motion. This method is commonly used to apply thin films of uniform thickness.
  • Dip coating: The substrate is dipped into a solution containing the coating material. After being withdrawn, the substrate is then dried.
  • Spray coating: the surface is coated by spraying the coating material onto the surface, by using high-pressure spray gun.


  • The choice of method will depend on the characteristics of the coating and the surface being coated, such as the shape and size of the surface, the desired thickness and uniformity of the coating, and the required properties of the coating.

    Some methods need specific equipment, materials and skilled personnel, so when applying such coatings, it's always good to consult with experts or service providers like Lotus Nano who have the knowledge and experience.
There are several reasons why some nanocoatings can fail. Some of the most common reasons include:

  • Inadequate surface preparation: In order for a nanocoating to properly adhere to a surface, it is important that the surface is thoroughly cleaned and prepared before application. If the surface is not properly cleaned or if there is residual contamination, the nanocoating may not properly bond to the surface, leading to premature failure.
  • Improper application: Applying a nanocoating improperly, such as using the wrong application method or applying too thin of a coating can lead to uneven coverage and poor performance. Also, not curing the coating properly can lead to a weaker bond.
  • Environmental factors: Certain environmental factors, such as extreme temperatures, UV exposure, and exposure to chemicals or abrasives can cause nanocoatings to degrade and fail prematurely. If a coating is not designed to withstand the specific environmental conditions it will be exposed to, it may not provide the desired level of protection.
  • Material incompatibility: Some nanocoatings are not compatible with certain types of materials, and may not adhere properly or provide adequate protection. It is important to match the right coating to the right substrate material.
  • Lack of robustness: Some coatings that are designed for specific applications may not be robust enough to withstand the wear and tear of daily use. They may not be able to withstand the wear and tear of daily use and degrade over time, causing the coating to fail.
  • Lack of quality control: Some coatings may fail due to lack of quality control during the production process. This can lead to inconsistencies in the composition and properties of the coating, resulting in poor performance and premature failure.
  • Limited durability: Due to their small size, nanoparticles in the coatings may be more prone to migration or aggregation, which can lead to decreased performance and coating failure over time.
  • Stability of the coating: some coatings may degrade due to chemical reactions with other substances such as humidity or acids. This can lead to loss of properties and a decrease in the performance of the coating.
  • Lack of proper testing and validation: While laboratory testing is important for understanding the properties and potential of a coating, it is also essential to conduct real-world testing to evaluate the coating's performance under actual use conditions. This can help identify potential issues and allow for adjustments to be made before the coating is released for commercial use.
  • Proper maintenance: Poor maintenance such as not cleaning the surface properly or not applying the coating correctly can lead to a coating failure.
As you can see there is plenty to consider to get it right.
Anti-Corrosion coatings:
When applied to a metal, the coating stops chemical compounds coming into contact with corrosive materials, this stops processes like oxidation ("corrosion").

Antimicrobial coating:
These coatings help to inhibit the growth of microorganisms, which is particularly suitable for areas such as healthcare, education centres, care homes, airlines, public transport. Usually includes even the deactivation of SARS-Cov2.

Thermal barrier coating:
This type of coating is particularly prevalent in the aviation industry and is normally applied to metallic surfaces. The elevated temperatures that planes work at have opened up the possibility of the coatings’ use in high powered automobiles.

Anti-abrasion coatings:
These coatings are used in various industries such as aerospace, automotive, biomedical, energy, and manufacturing. They can improve the performance and extend the life of equipment, reducing replacement and maintenance costs. One of the main advantages of nano anti-abrasion coatings is their high hardness and wear resistance. Due to their small particle size, they can fill in small cracks and crevices on a surface, providing a smoother and harder surface that is more resistant to wear and tear.

Self-healing coatings:
The filled nano-capsules inside this coating help repair the surface should any scratch-like damage occur. They can be found in everyday items including phones and automotive paints.

Anti-reflection coatings:
Anti-reflection coatings are thin layers of material applied to a surface to reduce the amount of light that is reflected from it. Anti-reflection nano-coatings are used to improve the performance of a wide range of devices, including solar panels, touch screens, and optical fibres. They can also be used to reduce glare on eyeglasses and improve the efficiency of LED lighting.

Anti-graffiti coatings:
Protect your surfaces from (for example) vandalism with 'sacrificial' and 'non-sacrificial' options. Our sacrificial coating forms a barrier that is 'sacrificed' when cleaning the graffiti (needs re-coating), while non-sacrificial coatings provide a permanent protection. Both options are long-lasting and easy to maintain, making them the perfect solution for outdoor and high traffic areas. Also used in certain industrial settings.

Flame Retardant coatings:
Heat-resistant substances can be deposited in nanoscale layers. Several of these layers can adhere to the surfaces of some highly flammable plastics, woods, and textiles. This makes it much harder for them to ignite. Potential life-savers!

Scratch Resistant Coatings
The nano-materials that comprise an anti-scratch coating can be many times harder than the surface they're applied to. Thus, they will also be at least somewhat harder than most of the other materials they come into contact with. This increased hardness makes the surface more resistant to abrasions like scratches and scuffs.

Non-stick / Self-Clean Coatings
This property can be achieved by making a surface repel water (hydrophobic) and oil (oleophobic). This also causes it to repel dirt and dust by refusing such particles access to a surface that is rough enough to cling to. There are also instances in which making a surface attract water (hydrophilic) can also be used to make it self-cleaning.

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